Van Diemen’s Land (History)

Van Diemen’s Land was founded by a Dutch explorer; however it wasn’t fully explored until 1798 by Matthew Flinders. In 1803 the island was colonised by the British as a penal colony. Roughly 75,000 prisoners were sent to Van Diemen’s land 40% of all convicts sent to Australia.

Many male prisoners served as labours while female prisoners worked as servants or in factories.

In 1858 the colony was renamed Tasmania under self-government responsibility, founding its own parliament.


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