Van Diemen’s Land (History)
Van Diemen’s Land was founded by a Dutch explorer; however it wasn’t fully explored until 1798 by Matthew Flinders. In 1803 the island was colonised by the British as a penal colony. Roughly 75,000 prisoners were sent to Van Diemen’s land 40% of all convicts sent to Australia.
Many male prisoners served as labours while female prisoners worked as servants or in factories.
In 1858 the colony was renamed Tasmania under self-government responsibility, founding its own parliament.